There was a recent article in my local newspaper about students, stress, and learning. Unfortunately, the article didn’t mention sleep, because sleep is a crucial factor both for alleviating stress and for the encoding and consolidation of memory. Exercise and good nutrition also play a role in learning and memory. So while we tend to think that sleep well, exercise more, and eat less is all we need to know, it’s worth looking at the interconnection of the three and at some recent research that shows how we can help facilitate better learning and memory.
And continuing our practice strategies to ensure effective learning and memory:
Sitting on an outdoor bench in a scenic spot may not be your idea of practicing, but it depends on what you’re thinking about while you sit there.
7) Reflection. Psychologists speak about reflection as a learning strategy – thinking about what you have learned and asking yourself questions to solidify what you know. Find a quiet place to sit away from your instrument and quiz yourself on what you know about the piece or about the segment you just learned. What are the key relationships, what’s the structure, where are the sections, patterns, motifs? The more you have to struggle to remember or perhaps check the score to verify, the more your brain fills in the missing information, consolidates, and makes the neural networks stronger. Continue reading
And a few more practice strategies to ensure effective learning and memory:
5) Practice extremely slowly. There has been a controversy for some time about whether slow practice is beneficial for learning fast music. Many of us were told early in our musical lives that in order to play a passage of music that is very fast, we should practice slowly and build up speed. But not everyone agrees. Influential pedagogue Abby Whiteside (1881 – 1956) declared that “Slow practice can establish habits that are completely unrelated to the coordination demanded for speed.” Abby Whiteside on Piano Playing
Almost everyone who plays the piano has, at some point in his/her study, learned Chopin’s Prelude in A Major, Op. 28. Only 16 bars and lasting a bit less to a bit more than a minute (depending on the performer), the Prelude is deceptively simple. A few repetitions and it feels as though we have it “under our fingers;” a few more repetitions and hey! we’ve memorized it!
But wait – leave it for a couple of days, and all of a sudden, you begin to wonder: Continue reading
None of my teachers ever spoke with me about how to practice. They didn’t suggest strategies or give me tips. I guess they assumed, since I memorized so easily, that I didn’t need any help. I had what’s called a “good ear,” and I could hear the piece in my mind. By the time I had developed the motor skills to play a particular piece, all of the melodies, rhythms, and harmonies were in my head, and I counted on that when I performed. I assumed that good auditory memory was all I needed. But after a couple of bad experiences following grad school, I decided that I needed to develop a more secure system for learning and memorizing.